King cobra
 

Ophiophagus hannah

04-Feb-2007

 
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King CobraDescription

The king cobra’s average size is 10 to 12 feet, but it can reach 18 feet in length when adult. They are usually yellow, green, brown or black, and there are also yellow or white crosses on it’s body. The stomach is sometimes decorated with crossbars. The throat is typically light yellow or white. The king cobra is an aggressive snake and its length and size make it look amazing.

Habitat

They usually live near streams and in forests. They can also be found in swamps.

Reproduction

The king cobra female will usually lay 21 to 40 eggs. She will push twigs, branches and leaves into a pile to lay her eggs in. She will sit on the eggs to guard them. The male will also be close by during the brooding period. The male will extremely aggressive towards humans. They usually breed from January to April and the eggs are incubated from spring to summer, hatching between summer and autumn.

BehaviourKing cobra raising its body

King cobras are diurnal -they are active during the day, (while other cobras are nocturnal). Although it is a very dangerous snake, it prefers to escape unless cornered or provoked, except if it is a nesting female. When it is displaying a threat it can raise the front part of its body off the ground and can follow its enemy like this.

Food habits

The king cobra normally eats cold blooded animals, especially other snakes. The snakes eaten by the king cobra are mostly the larger harmless species like rat snakes, and pythons up to 10 feet in length.

The king cobra’s venom is very deadly. It is a neurotoxin and causes respiratory failure in the medulla of the brain. It also causes cardiac arrest. The speed of death may depend on where the bite is and the efficiency of the medical attention. Antivenom is the most commonly used remedy for snake bites.

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This site was last updated 03-02-2007