Corn Snake

Elaphe guttata


Snakes in general
Types of snake

This is an example of a snake that is not dangerous to humans and is kept as a pet.

Corn SnakeDescription

The corn snake is thin and is 24 to 72 inches in length (61-182 centimetres). They are usually coloured orange or brownish yellow with black edged spots running down the back. On the stomach there are black and white marks, resembling a chess board. The colours will vary according to the age and the whereabouts of the snake. The hatchlings get the colours as they grow older. They are diurnal (not nocturnal). They will usually climb trees and enter abandoned buildings in search of prey, and will also enter rodent burrows and go underground. They are very secret reptiles, and can be found under logs and loose bark.


Distribution and habitat

The corn snake can be found from New Jersey south to Florida and west to Louisiana and parts of Kentucky in the United States of America. They are most commonly found in Florida and the southeastern US. They are commonly found in rocky groves, rocky hillsides, meadows, woodpiles, barns and abandoned buildings.


The corn snake breeding season is from March to May, and they lay 10 to 30 eggs in a clutch. They are laid in tree stumps, piles of vegetation and other places where the eggs will be warm enough for them to hatch. After 60 to 66 days at 82 degrees Fahrenheit the eggs should start to hatch usually from July to September. They are frequently born 10 to 15 inches long and they mature in 18 to 36 months.

Food habits

Corn snakes do not feed every day, feeding themselves every few days instead. The hatchlings feed on lizards and tree frogs while the adults feed on larger prey like mice, rats, birds and bats. The corn snake has been seen swallowing prey whole.


The corn snake is not an endangered species, although they are listed as a species of special concern, because they are losing habitat and being killed in lower Florida

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This site was last updated 03-02-2007